Hieronymites, monks who belonged to the Order of St. Jerome, were inspired by the hermit Saint Jerome to live a life like him, and in line with the ideas of St. Augustine as well. Their name can also be abbreviated to OSH, or Hieronymites, monks who belonged to the Order of St. Jerome, were inspired by the hermit Saint Jerome to live a life like him, and in line with the ideas of St. Augustine as well. Their name can also be abbreviated to OSH, or Ordo Sancti Hieronymi. Founded near Toledo, Spain on October 8th, 1373, they quickly gained importance in both Spain and Portugal, becoming an exempt order in Spain during 1415. Parts of the royal families of both countries were buried in Hieronymite properties, El Escorial in Spain, and Jerónimos Monastery in Portugal. They expanded to Italy, where they would have 17 houses before being suppressed by Pope Clement IX in 1668. This was because of the Hieronymites influence in the Republic of Venice, and the Republic of Venice asking the Pope to suppress the order so they could make more profit. Clement eventually acquiesced, suppressing the order within Italy.The order continued to have influence in Spain and Portugal, becoming involved in bringing Christianity to the New World for both countries. The Order was eventually disbanded in Portugal in 1833, and in Spain in 1835. They also have a sister order of Nuns, which has nunneries dedicated to the order through to the present, and have tried to get the monastic order back since the 1920’s. There is currently one monastery with 11 monks.
Besse, Jean. "Hieronymites." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910.6 September 2018. <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07345a.htm>.
“Hieronymites - Encyclopedia Volume - Catholic Encyclopedia.” Catholic Online, Catholic Online, www.catholic.org/encyclopedia/view.php?id=5763.
“The Hieronymite Order.” Monastery of Jernimos, Jeronimos Monastery, www.mosteirojeronimos.gov.pt/en/index.php?s=white&pid=223.
Warren, Currier Charles. History of Religious Orders. Hardpress Ltd, 2013.